World Health Organization and Its Role in Global Health Governance

Health Definition by WHO
World Health Organization

Table of Contents

As an organization that focuses on improving global health. World Health Organization (WHO) has a big role in global health governance and ensuring everyone has adequate access to health care.

According to the health definition by WHO, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, 1948). 

It shows that WHO has broadened its goal and focus from the traditional medical model into a more modern approach that considers psychological well-being.

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It also embodies WHO’s commitment to pay attention to a more comprehensive view of health and well-being.

About WHO

WHO was established on April 7th, 1948. The date is now celebrated as international world health day.

At the present, WHO consists of 194 member states which elect a director-general every 5-year.

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus is the director of the World Health Organization for the 2017 – 2022 term. Dr. Tedros is the first leader of world health organization that comes from the  Africa region.

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WHO is committed to expanding the coverage of universal healthcare, especially to third-world nations and poor people.

This organization has many programs to promote better health for everyone by utilizing science-based programs. 

What WHO Do

What does World Health Organization do?

WHO partners with governments, Non-governmental Organizations, academic institutions, as well as healthcare professionals around the world to provide financial support, training, and education for countries and people that need support in the healthcare sector.

One of WHO’s main goals is to promote universal health coverage all around the world. It aims to provide access to primary health care, medicines, health products, and healthcare education for vulnerable people.

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This organization also encourages its member states to create policies that can protect the poor from health emergencies. 

With the help from volunteers and healthcare professionals under its wings, WHO also focuses on health emergencies. It is also an important part of the global health governance effort because prevention is the best policy in health care. WHO urges and assists its member states in identifying and managing healthcare-related risks.

WHO and SDGs

World Health Organization also focuses on implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG is a set of goals that want to be achieved by UN’s member states by 2030.

There are 17 points in SDG and it aims to end poverty, promote sustainable living to protect the environment, and also provide accessible healthcare for everyone.

WHO works hard to help its member states achieve the goals because healthcare and well-being are at the core of Sustainable Development Goals.

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Ending poverty, ensuring access to clean water, empowering women, and ensuring sustainable consumption will have a direct effect on people’s health and well-being. For the past couple of years, WHO’s main programs are directed to help countries tackle the pandemic and its effect.

World Health Organization is working on improving partnerships and multilateral collaboration to help its member states recover from the pandemic. WHO is working on accelerating vaccination rates in poor countries and provide adequate access to healthcare for vulnerable people.

Rahmat Al Kafi

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